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Friday, February 10, 2017

Defendants will soon plead guilty, be convicted and pay penalty entirely online for certain offences, says the Ministry of Justice







Defendants will soon be able to plead guilty, be convicted and pay a penalty immediately and entirely online for certain offences, the Ministry of Justice announced yesterday as digital justice moved a step closer to reality writes Neil Rose, of litigationfutures website.


It is to test the system with the three summary, non-imprisonable offences: railway fare evasion, tram fare evasion, and possession of unlicensed rod and line, before moving to certain road offences if successful.....




The MoJ gave the go-ahead following a consultation held on limited aspects of the Transforming justice vision statement published last September, which showed support for the move.


It said the procedure would provide “a more efficient and proportionate way of dealing with low-level cases with no identifiable victim, freeing up magistrates’ time and space in court buildings to be focused on more complex cases”.


Emphasising that the process would be entirely voluntary, the MoJ said anyone convicted would not be “sentenced by a computer or algorithm”.


The response paper said: “The detail of the penalty will be set out in secondary legislation and the amount of the standard penalty to be imposed on an offender will be specified for each offence. The total penalty will include a victim surcharge imposed, as now, as a percentage of the fine; a standardised amount of prosecution costs; and may include an amount to cover simple compensation for financial loss, where appropriate (e.g. unpaid ticket revenue) up to a specified level.”


The MoJ recognised the legal profession’s concerns – highlighting those expressed by Kent Law Society – that rail fare evasion could be an inappropriate offence for an automatic online conviction and standard penalty as the system would not differentiate between those who did not have the means to pay, and those who could afford to buy a ticket, but chose not to do so.


But it stressed that by limiting the process to non-imprisonable offences, this would catch strict liability offences such as failure to present a ticket, but not offences requiring dishonesty/intentional evasion of payment.


It made no mention of the national Law Society’s call to trial the process with TV licensing evasion instead.


Responding to concerns that an online process may minimise the significance of these offences by removing the ‘embarrassment’ of being in the dock and sentenced in public court, the MoJ said it would only apply to cases which already generally require minimum involvement from magistrates and would otherwise be decided by a single magistrate on the papers without the need for a court hearing.


“We are currently developing a solution which will ensure that the principle of open justice is maintained as we move to digital channels,” it added.


“We will ensure that all interested parties, including victims, witnesses, the public and the press, will have access to case listings and outcomes where appropriate.”


Defendants would always have the opportunity to present mitigating circumstances or provide information about their means, whether as part of the single justice procedure or at court, and the system would be designed to safeguard vulnerable people by clearly stating in plain English all the relevant evidence against them and the potential consequences of a criminal conviction.


The MoJ said: “Users will be advised to seek advice from Citizens Advice or a legal provider before proceeding, and will also be signposted to HMCTS Customer Service Centres which will be able to provide assisted digital support as well as answers to procedural queries.


“If it is subsequently proved that the defendant did not understand the consequence of their decision, the courts will have powers to set aside the conviction and proceedings could be started again.




“In particular, we will ensure that our assisted digital support takes into account the needs of those who are elderly or have disabilities, those with poor literacy or English skills, and those who lack access to technology because of cost or geography.”




Assisted digital support is the MoJ’s response to how it will help those who have trouble with using technology as court and tribunal services move online.




“We will work with third party providers to provide a national network of accessible, quality assured assistance. Telephone and webchat services will also be available and clearly signposted for those who already have access to IT but require extra support, and paper channels will be maintained for those who need them, as necessary.”


It promised extensive research and testing to ensure “our services will be more convenient, quicker and tailored to the needs of our users”.


The other issue consulted on was allowing First-tier Tribunal panels to consist of a single member unless otherwise determined by the Senior President of Tribunals.




The consultation uncovered a “high level of concern” about this, particularly in jurisdictions where there may be a high proportion of vulnerable users.




The MoJ said: “The issues raised mainly centred on the need to retain expertise on the panel in order to reach a fair and informed decision, and the need to make sure that users receive sufficient support from the panel.




“Whilst we do not consider that there is anything in our proposals which would result in decisions being made without the appropriate expertise being drawn on where required, or users being left without the support that they need, we recognise the concerns at the proposed approach.


We therefore do not intend to proceed with the proposal.”
Instead, it will give the president the power to decide that a panel should consist of one, two or three members in order to determine the matters before the tribunal justly and fairly.










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OUR HUMAN RIGHT TO LAMPOON AND CRITICISE POLITICIANS

THE HIGH COURT has ruled....People have a right to lampoon and criticise politicians and public officials under the Human Rights Act, the High Court has ruled.

We have the full High Court judgment, saved as a page on here. l

ampoon (lampoon) Pronunciation: /lamˈpuːn/ verb [with object] publicly criticize (someone or something) by using ridicule, irony, or sarcasm: the actor was lampooned by the press noun a speech or text lampooning someone or something: the magazine fired at God, Royalty, and politicians, using cartoons and lampoons.

Derivatives: lampooner noun lampoonery noun lampoonist noun Origin: mid 17th century: from French lampon, said to be from lampons 'let us drink' (used as a refrain), from lamper 'gulp down', nasalized form of laper 'to lap (liquid).

NUJ CODE OF CONDUCT

NUJ Code of Conduct

The NUJ's Code of Conduct has set out the main principles of British and Irish journalism since 1936.

The code is part of the rules and all journalists joining the union must sign that they will strive to adhere to the it.


Members of the National Union of Journalists are expected to abide by the following professional principles:

A journalist:

1 At all times upholds and defends the principle of media freedom, the right of freedom of expression and the right of the public to be informed

2 Strives to ensure that information disseminated is honestly conveyed, accurate and fair

3 Does her/his utmost to correct harmful inaccuracies

4 Differentiates between fact and opinion

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6 Does nothing to intrude into anybody's private life, grief or distress unless justified by overriding consideration of the public interest

7 Protects the identity of sources who supply information in confidence and material gathered in the course of her/his work

8 Resists threats or any other inducements to influence, distort or suppress information and takes no unfair personal advantage of information gained in the course of her/his duties before the information is public knowledge

9 Produces no material likely to lead to hatred or discrimination on the grounds of a person's age, gender, race, colour, creed, legal status, disability, marital status, or sexual orientation

10 Does not by way of statement, voice or appearance endorse by advertisement any commercial product or service save for the promotion of her/his own work or of the medium by which she/he is employed

11 A journalist shall normally seek the consent of an appropriate adult when interviewing or photographing a child for a story about her/his welfare

12 Avoids plagiarism The NUJ believes a journalist has the right to refuse an assignment or be identified as the author of editorial that would break the letter or spirit of the code.

The NUJ will fully support any journalist disciplined for asserting her/his right to act according to the code

The NUJ logo is always a link to the home page.

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